Palestinian Schools Threatened

As the school year begins in New Hampshire the headline news seems to be the inability to find enough school bus drivers, especially to transport our grade school children to school. Districts having difficulty are offering signing bonuses to driver applicants, modifying start and dismissal school schedules, and delaying openings by a few days. Beyond efforts to provide transportation to all children there is also the on going goal of fulfilling the value of equal access to quality education once children arrive at the school building. This goal is far from fulfilled in New Hampshire and across our country. However, we cling to the value and persist in the search for solutions.

In contrast, on August 22 Ma’an News wrote Israeli military forces reportedly seized eight mobile classrooms from the village of Jubbet al-Dib, near Bethlehem and a neighbor of the illegal Noqedim Israeli settlement. The classrooms were donated by an Italian NGO for 64 students from the first to the fourth grade. Although disputed by village leaders, a spokesperson for the Israeli civil administration contested that the structures had not received the necessary permits, and that the construction was “illegal.”  The Norwegian Council Policy Manager Itay Epshtain said, “It was heart breaking to see children and their teachers turning up for their first day of school under the blazing sun, with no classrooms or anywhere to seek shelter in, while in the immediate vicinity the work to expand illegal settlements goes on uninterrupted.”

Another school, a kindergarten, was demolished in the Bedouin community of Jabal al-Baba on August 21. According to The Norwegian Refugee Council, NRC, some 55 schools in the occupied West Bank are threatened with demolition and stop-work orders by Israeli authorities, many of them built with funding from the European Union states and other donors. “In the first three months of this year there were 24 cases of direct attacks against schools, including incidents where tear gas canisters and sound bombs were fired at students on their way to or from school. Last year, four communities’ educational facilities were demolished or confiscated and 256 education-related violations were documented in the West Bank, affecting over 29,000 students,” NRC’s statement said.

It seems, while we in New Hampshire seek ways to keep our children in school, our Israeli military ally is initiating ways to keep Palestinian children away from school. These actions by the Israeli military fly in the face of one of our cherished values: the right to access to quality education for every child.

The Israeli military attack on Palestinian children’s access to schools in order to make room for Israeli settlements and their infrastructure motivates people around the globe to boycott Israeli illegal settlement goods. It is an illegal Israeli settlement, Noqedim, that encroaches on Palestinian land where those mobile classrooms were situated. Senator Maggie Hassan’s opposition to the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions movement needs to take into consideration Israel’s anti-education activity toward Palestinian children as well as the United States complicity with its military financial aid to the Israeli military that enforces this injustice.

Senator Hassan believes the roots of the BDS movement spring from an intention to harm Israel. However, she misses the understanding that non-violent boycotts are an acceptable action for change acknowledge by our Supreme Court. In addition, she does not take into consideration that any movement includes a spectrum of advocates. In this case the vast majority of supporters of BDS recognize Israel’s right to exist as they call for the humanitarian administration of the occupied territories and a return to negotiations between Israel and Palestine. And even though it is becoming less and less realistic, many still support the goal of a two-state solution.  Also, Senator Hassan perceives BDS as an impediment to a return to negotiations and a two-state solution. However, BDS can just as easily be considered a non-violent lever to motivate to start negotiations. In contrast, Israel, with its military, political, and economic dominance uses harsh treatment of Palestinians and their children, as well as expansions of settlements, as pressure to force the Palestinians to the table.

And most of all, it is important that the United States be true to its value of education for every child, not only in our country but around the world. Our country can not credibly advocate for that value while at the same time being complicit with the Israeli military who violates that value in its treatment of Palestinian schools and children. U.S. complicity is evidenced by its more than $3.1 billion annual aid to the Israeli military.

There are three ways that Senator Hassan and Senator Shaheen can influence the United States to be a justice-seeking nation as well as to stand for the humanitarian value of dignity and respect for children and their education.

1.Vote “no” on S.720, the Israel Anti-Boycott Act and pledge to reject all amendments, and Senator Hassan to withdraw her co-sponsorship of S.720.

2.  Seek legislation to withhold military financial aid assistance to the State of Israel due to its military practices of injustice in the occupied Palestinian territories including impediments to education as well as arrests and detention of Palestinian children.

3.  Vote for the ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children, which has been ratified by 194 countries including Israel.

The second and third actions were affirmed by a 79% majority by the delegates to the General Synod of the United Church of Christ at their meeting in July, 2017.

Children in Palestine have been under duress for over fifty years. They witness daily barriers to their education and constant anxiety concerning their vulnerability to institutionalized violations of their legal rights. Therefore, calling our ally and friend, Israel, to account for its use of power is the right thing to do. It’s how friends support each other.

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U.S. Must Push Israel on Justice for Palestinians.

August 3, 2016

On July 27, during the Democratic National Convention and a week after the Republican National Convention, it was reported that 20 single and multi-family Palestinian homes were demolished in East Jerusalem by Israeli authorities. One Palestinian, Noor, reported that he found a demolition notice tacked to his door less than twenty-four hours before the destruction of his home. He had no opportunity to dispute the order, show his papers of ownership, or remove the family possessions. His home was one of the twenty single and multi-family homes destroyed that night. There have been 76 demolitions thus far this year in the Jerusalem municipality. In 2015 there were 74 and in 2014, there were 52 demolitions.

Also on July 27 it was reported that a 52 year old woman, Miriam, living in the Gaza strip was refused a visa for the third time to enter Israel for medical treatment in the hospital where she had previously been treated for cancer with chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation. She now experiences bone pain and seeks follow-up examinations in the same hospital using equipment that is not available in Gaza. This equipment is forbidden by the Israeli government to be imported into the Gaza Strip. (Noor and Miriam are not their real names).

These incidents of injustice are important to lift up because such injustices are not recognized in either the Republican or the Democratic platforms concerning the relationship of the United States to Israel. Both platforms commit to an unexamined uncritical relationship of United States with Israeli political, economic and military policies.

Israel/Palestine may not be a primary concern for the electorate choosing a new president and congressional delegation. However, in the sections on Israeli relationships with the United States, both Convention platforms are blind to the conditions of injustice toward Palestinians such as the two incidents above. This should trouble the conscience of any citizen who values equal rights and justice for all people living in a democracy.

The Republican platform reads, (Israel is) “The only country in the Middle East where freedom of speech and freedom of religion are found. Therefore, support of Israel is an expression of Americanism, and it is the responsibility of our government to advance policies that reflect Americans’ strong desire for a relationship with no daylight between America and Israel.”

Furthermore, the platform seeks to discredit and limit the freedom to non-violently act contrary to the Party’s advocacy of an uncritical relationship with Israel. It reads, “We reject the false notion that Israel is an occupier and specifically recognize that the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement (BDS) is anti-Semitic in nature and seeks to destroy Israel. Therefore, we call for effective legislation to thwart actions that are intended to limit commercial relations with Israel, or persons or entities doing business in Israel or in Israeli-controlled territories, in a discriminatory manner.”

The Democratic Platform is briefer, focusing primarily on actions perceived to “delegitimize Israel.” It reads, “A strong and secure Israel is vital to the United States because we share overarching strategic interests and the common values of democracy, equality, tolerance, and pluralism. That is why we will always support Israel’s right to defend itself, including by retaining its qualitative military edge, and oppose any effort to delegitimize Israel, including at the United Nations or through the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement.”

How do common values between the U.S. and Israel and the commitment to democracy work in Israel where the Palestinians lack freedom of movement to medical facilities, schools and the workplace or where Palestinians have limited access to Palestinian water, experience home demolitions, and taking of farmland? And what does it mean for the United States with it population diversity of race, religions, cultures and ethnic origins to bind itself to a state with such injustices? Do we in the United States want to support Israel’s oppression of ethnic and religious groups of Arabs, Christians, and Muslims? Do we want to support the perception that all Arabs, Christians and Muslims are dishonest and terrorists? Do we want to support, uncritically, a country that seeks to create conditions that will force these people to leave their homeland? Is not this support inconsistent with our American efforts to learn and grow from the mistakes we’ve made in our relationships with Native Americans, African Americans, and others?

Another issue of concern in the platforms is the opposition to United Nations approach to humanitarian law, resolutions concerning the Palestinian occupation and its administration, and recognition of a Palestinian state. Blanket opposition without deliberation, understanding, and seeking a variety of solutions may delegitimize the effectiveness of this international organization.

Perhaps, for United States citizens, the most distressing concept in the platforms is the opposition to non-violent boycott and divestment actions. The Republican platform also advocates the adoption of legislation to thwart BDS activity. Attempts to restrict boycott and divestment activity is a violation of first amendment rights to use economic measures to bring change. Boycott and divestment are tools to motivate serious negotiations to end the economic, political, and military injustices against the Palestinian people. They are appropriate non-violent actions following nearly fifty years of failed negotiations between unequal powers. They are in the tradition of boycotts that have been used to influence change in South Africa, segregation in the United States, and farm workers rights. Finally, labeling boycott and divestment as anti-Semitic or delegitimizing of Israel is spurious and dangerous to people seeking non-violent change for justice. It is also inaccurate to suggest that critique of the conduct of the Israeli government is in any way a comment on the Jewish faith.

When talking to candidates for Senate, Congress, and the Presidency this election season it is important to question their understanding of our relationship with Israel expressed in these two platforms. What is their understanding of the party platform on Israel in relationship to the injustices being perpetrated on the Palestinians in the Palestinian occupied territory of the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip?

This is the time to seek their support for justice and peace in Palestine/Israel. It is time to encourage candidates to pledge the use of economic, political, and military leverage to move the Israeli government toward actions of justice for all the people. It is time to use the billions of dollars in United States military aid to Israel as leverage for a more just administration of the occupied Palestinian territory and to advance credible negotiations toward a just peace for Israel and Palestine. Palestinians, such as Miriam and Noor, are counting on us to help them get their freedom back.

 

 

 

Nonviolent Resistance in Palestine

Palestine April 2016

“We refuse to be enemies” is the commitment of the Daher Nassar family who own a fourth generation farm in the occupied Palestinian territory surrounded by three Israeli settlements. They host an international center called, Tent of Nations, which teaches sustainable agriculture and ways of peaceful hospitality with all people. They are constantly in the Israeli courts to prove their rights to their land. They are constantly under the threat of incursions from the surrounding Israeli settlers who have destroyed over 1500 fruit trees and carry guns. The Israeli army has barricaded the road leading to their farm. They are under daily threat of demolition of their farm home and structures. The Israeli army, IDF, does not allowed them to have a well for water or solar panels to generate electricity.

The international community praises this family for their non-violent response to this coercive violent power inflicted upon them. This family vows to stay on the land that is rightfully theirs and to welcome to tea and conversation anyone who comes onto their land. They refuse to be enemies.

This is the spirit I bring back from my latest trip to Bethlehem, Palestine where I attended a seminar, Faith in the Face of Empire, with 12 people from around the United States. This commitment to non-violent response to actions of coercive power by Israeli settlers and the IDF was everywhere that we went.

For two weeks we stayed at the Lutheran Guesthouse in Bethlehem and traveled daily throughout the West Bank and East Jerusalem. We met with political leaders including the Mayors of Bethlehem and Hebron; an official of Efrat, an Israeli settlement in the Palestinian territory; and Communications Advisor of the PLO Negotiations Affairs Department. We interviewed faculty and administrators of Al Quds University and Dar Al-Kalima University College. We also talked with members of the Palestinian business community including the Bethlehem Development Foundation, the Hebron Business Incubator Center, the Taybeh Brewing Co., and Bashar Masri, Palestinian-American entrepreneur and co-founder of Rawabi, a planned Palestinian City for over 100,000 people.

Over and over again we heard stories of efforts to overcome the adversities of life under Israeli occupation by means other than meeting violence with violence. The Mayor of Bethlehem, Vera Baboun, is determined to revive Bethlehem’s historic tourist trade. The challenges include 29 checkpoints in the Bethlehem territory, a wall that “walls in the Bethlehem message of peace,” and 1,800,000 annual visitors to the Church of the Nativity while not spending any time in the city of Bethlehem. Mayor Baboun seeks voices of encouragement to people to visit and stay for a few days in the city of Jesus’ birth and the “place where he prayed under its olive trees.” Until then, “it is faith and resilience that keep us going.”

The Mayor of Hebron, Dr. Daoud Zatari, highlighted many difficulties such as Israeli settlers taking over housing, roads to shops barricaded by the IDF, and 85% of water taken by the Israelis. However, his response is to work to restore 7000 ancient wells in the West Bank, treat wastewater as a resource, and develop small-scale farms raising figs, plums, olives, and grapes.

Water is a major issue in Palestine. Israel controls all of the water resources. The new planned Palestinian community of 100,000 people, Rawabi, must buy all of its water from Israel and is not allowed to use water from wells on its own land. The village of Taybeh has access to water only Friday through Sunday each week. They must store all they are able for the rest of the week. This stored water also serves the brewery in the town. Overcoming water restrictions are attempts to live non-violently in a violent-based occupation.

Education is another way Palestinians seek to overcomer the stresses of occupation. Education is highly valued. In the two Universities we visited thousands of students are studying technology, the arts, political science, and medicine. While we were there, we witnessed democratic elections for student government. By attending the universities students are attempting to non-violently resist the restrictions that have been place on their lives under occupation.

Each person we met, Mayors, PLO leaders, Professors and students, farmers, shop keepers all embraced the concept of non-violence. The exceptions were the reports of an occasional Palestinian young person threatening the IDF with a knife. These occasions have inevitably resulted in the shooting death of the young person, 159 in 2015 and 2016. The people we met grieve the desperation of these youth who have lost all hope. The retired Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem spoke to these young people during the Orthodox Christian Holy Week. Michel Sabbah said, “ To those, among the Palestinians, who despair, to the young people who go to death in these days, we say, ‘You must live not die. Believe in God, and in his Providence. Do not despair. Know that you have the power to give life.’”

As I process my experience in Palestine I’m experiencing a significant disconnect. Both here in the United States and in Palestine there is the expectation that Palestinians must only be nonviolent in their resistance to injustice. Any Palestinian violence is deemed aggressive and labeled as terrorist activity. But, in contrast, the United States and Israel claim for themselves coercive force as not only appropriate but also the proven means to acquire peace and security. (It is understood that Israeli and United States military financing, weapons, and technology exchanges are integral to their relationship). Therefore, together, the United States and Israel have the power and justification to seek peace and justice with military force.

I reject such justification. I celebrate the Christian and Muslim Palestinian commitment to meet violence with nonviolence. However, as a Christian in the United States, I’m challenged by Palestinians to explain the militaristic posture of my government who joins Israel in military coercion to block all Palestinian efforts to live in dignity, freedom, and prosperity.   Do I really believe in nonviolent resistance or am I affirming it only as a way to subjugate a powerless people?

I choose to add my voice to over a dozen U.S. faith based organizations who wrote a letter to the Obama administration and all members of Congress this week. It reads in part, As people of faith, we are deeply grieved by the violence, displacement, and abrogation of human rights playing out in the Middle East today. We believe the role of U.S. military assistance and arms trade is a major factor in fueling a downward spiral of militarization, dehumanization, and destruction of lives and livelihoods across the region. From 1946-2010 approximately $75 billion in military aid has gone to Israel from the United States.

We in the United States need to take stock of our ethics and morality. Do we join with Israel to relate to the Palestinians as enemies to be overpowered or as neighbors with whom to have tea and coffee? Patriarch Michel Sabbah told us, “Israel must surround itself with friends. The first of these friends can be Palestinians. It will make them safe and make peace possible.”

it seems to come down to the affirmation of Martin Luther King Jr. who said at the University of California in 1957, “every person who believes in nonviolent resistance believes somehow that the universe in some form is on the side of justice…There is something in the universe that unfolds for justice.” I believe it is time for ourselves, our faith communities, and our President and Congress to unfold justice for all humanity, beginning with the Palestinian people.